Abiotic factors refer to non-living physical and chemical elements in the ecosystem. Abiotic resources are usually obtained from the lithosphere, atmosphere, and hydrosphere. Examples of abiotic factors are water, air, soil, sunlight, and minerals.
Biotic factors are living or once-living organisms in the ecosystem. These are obtained from the biosphere and are capable of reproduction. Examples of biotic factors are animals, birds, plants, fungi, and other similar organisms.
What are biotic and abiotic factors?
Biotic components are living organisms in an ecosystem. A biotic factor is a living organism that affects another organism in its ecosystem. Examples include plants and animals that the organism consumes as food, and animals that consume the organism.
The following video covers the biotic and abiotic factors that influence most ecosystems, and introduces key vocabulary relevant to ecology:
This is a good SlideShare presentation that covers the definition and examples of biotic and abiotic factors in an ecosystem:
The scope of abiotic and biotic factors spans across the entire biosphere, or global sum of all ecosystems. Such factors can have relevance for an individual within a species, its community or an entire population. For instance, disease is a biotic factor affecting the survival of an individual and its community. Temperature is an abiotic factor with the same relevance.
Some factors have greater relevance for an entire ecosystem. Abiotic and biotic factors combine to create a system or, more precisely, an ecosystem, meaning a community of living and nonliving things considered as a unit. In this case, abiotic factors span as far as the pH of the soil and water, types of nutrients available and even the length of the day. Biotic factors such as the presence of autotrophs or self-nourishing organisms such as plants, and the diversity of consumers also affect an entire ecosystem.
Abiotic factors affect the ability of organisms to survive and reproduce. Abiotic limiting factors restrict the growth of populations. They help determine the types and numbers of organisms able to exist within an environment.
Biotic factors are living things that directly or indirectly affect organisms within an environment. This includes the organisms themselves, other organisms, interactions between living organisms and even their waste. Other biotic factors include parasitism, disease, and predation (the act of one animal eating another).
The significance of abiotic and biotic factors comes in their interaction with each other. For a community or an ecosystem to survive, the correct interactions need to be in place.
A simple example would be of abiotic interaction in plants. Water, sunlight and carbon dioxide are necessary for plants to grow. The biotic interaction is that plants use water, sunlight and carbon dioxide to create their own nourishment through a process called photosynthesis.
On a larger scale, abiotic interactions refer to patterns such as climate and seasonality. Factors such as temperature, humidity and the presence or absence of seasons affect the ecosystem. For instance, some ecosystems experience cold winters with a lot of snow. An animal such as a fox within this ecosystem adapts to these abiotic factors by growing a thick, white-colored coat in the winter.
Decomposers such as bacteria and fungi are examples of biotic interactions on such a scale. Decomposers function by breaking down dead organisms. This process returns the basic components of the organisms to the soil, allowing them to be reused within that ecosystem.
Share this comparison:
If you read this far, you should follow us:
"Abiotic vs Biotic." Diffen.com. Diffen LLC, n.d. Web. 28 Jan 2020. < >
- Is Ellen DeGeneres bisexual
- Why is the first order reaction linear
- Is Nirav Modi still in Gujarat
- What is a career in networking like
- What song you are singing now
- What companies will IPO in 2013
- Are IOI problems sorted by difficulty
- Why did Mixbook acquire Yobongo
- Which business is best without any loss?no_redirect=1
- What lives at address 0 in memory
- What are some complicated board games
- Are drugs effective for treating anxiety disorder
- Would Friedrich Nietzsche pass the Turing test
- Should children be celebrities
- Which is the best upcoming English series
- How do stocks make you money
- Is complaining about first world problems justifiable
- What is the history behind feminism
- What is 1 percent of 1 million
- Can you describe joy to me