Argentina Independence Day: July 9
Independence Day is celebrated in Argentina.
Argentina Independence Day, the 9th of July, is a public holiday in Argentina. In Argentina the day is known as the Acta de la DeclaraciÃ³n de la Independencia Argentina.
Argentina Independence Day History
Argentina was discovered by European explorers in the 16th century. Historians have long debated whether Amerigo Vespucci, Juan Diaz de Solis, Ferdinand Magellan or Sebastian Cabot landed and laid claim to the land.
Argentina was divided into different areas until 1776. Over the next 50 years, the land that came to make up Argentina were gradually reunited. On April 15, 1814, a revolution declared that a General Congress be assembled. Representing 15,000 people from each province, a delegate deputies were chosen to meet on March 24, 1816. With 33 deputies, the General Congress assembled in the city of Tucuman.
Argentina’s independence movement began in earnest on May 25, 1810, which is celebrated as Revolution Day.Â That date marked the beginning of a long, protracted military struggle, fought under the leadership of the revolutionary and military strategist Gen. JosÃ© de Martin born in 1778 and who died in 1850. He was regarded as the father of his country.
July 9, 1816 was an important turning point. On this day, the Congress of Tucuman passed a resolution declaring independence from Spain of the Provincias Unidas de America del Sur which also included Uruguay, Paraguay and Bolivia. Juan Martin de Pueyrredon was declared supreme director.
Argentina’s spell under martial rule was finally broken in 1983. The previous year General Galtieri had attempted to divert attention from his governance by invading the Falkland Islands in 1982. The resulting defeat by Britain sealed Galtieri’s fate and he was succeeded by President Carlos Menem who instituted a series of wide-ranging economic reforms, selling off state-owned industries, and opening up the economy to foreign investors.
Argentina Independence Day Traditions and Activities
Argentina is not like the USA in celebrating their Independence Day. There are political parades in the capital and the schools are closed but there are not the fireworks and festivities that many other countries observe.
On both Independence Day and when Revolutionary Day, special services are held at the Cathedral in the series and dramatic performances take place in the Colon Theater.
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